Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Warning: strpos(): needle is not a string or an integer in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/index.php on line 61

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261
The Goddess Resides Here - A Little About Gypsies
Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Links/plugin.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/RandomEntry/plugin.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/RandomEntry/plugin.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 43

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/RecentEntries/plugin.php on line 98

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/RecentEntries/plugin.php on line 98

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Sidebar.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/plugins/sidebar/Links/plugin.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14
 


Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method arrays::explode_key() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_entry.php on line 261

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 43

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 43

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 43

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::file_listing() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::read_file() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 14

Strict Standards: Non-static method fileio::strip_extension() should not be called statically in /home3/aquantd3/public_html/dragonoak.com/pblog/scripts/sb_fileio.php on line 43

A Little About Gypsies 

A Little About Gypsies in the United States

Gypsy is defined as: A collective group of various, ethnic people from Southeastern and Eastern Europe and the Middle East known as the Roma;

or as Gypsy people (i.e. a nomadic people living mostly amongst non-nomadic people) not considered to be Roma;

A wandering type of personality who lives life to the fullest, fails to put down roots, is adventurous, and wanders.

May also refer to people who are hobos, vagabonds, deliberately homeless, traveling minstrels, artists and even salesman.

Also may be used as a derogatory term; as in scoundrels, and thieves.

Related to the Roma:

Several groups, all known to outsiders as "Gypsies," live today in the United States. In their native languages, each of the groups refers to itself by a specific name, but all translate their self-designations as "Gypsy" when speaking English. Each had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others.

The Rom arrived in the United States from Serbia, Russia and Austria-Hungary beginning in the 1880's. Many people in this group specialized in coppersmith work, mainly the repair and replacing tin on industrial equipment used in bakeries, laundries, confectioneries, and other businesses. The Rom, too, developed
the fortune-telling business in urban areas. There are a few subgroups of the Rom, but they all come from the same general area and settled in urban locations.

The Ludar, or "Romanian Gypsies," also came to the United States during the great immigration from southern and eastern Europe between 1880 and 1914. They specialized as animal trainers and showpeople, and passenger manifests show bears and monkeys as a major part of their baggage.

The Romnichels, or English Gypsies, began to come to the United States from England in 1850. They originally came in response for the need of draft horses in agriculture and then in urbanization, and many Romnichels worked as horse-traders. After World War I, they relied on previously secondary enterprises, "basket-making," including the manufacture and sale of rustic furniture, and fortune-telling. Horse and mule trading continued to some extent in southern states where poverty and terrain slowed the adoption
of tractor power (Salo and Salo 1982).

Gypsies from Germany,refered to as Chikkeners (Pennsylvania German, from the German Zigeuner), sometimes refer to themselves as "Black Dutch." They are few in number and claim to have largely
assimilated into Romnichel culture.

Hungarian Gypsies, mainly musicians also came to this country with the eastern European immigration. In the United States they continued as musicians to the Hungarian and Slovak immigrant settlements.

The distinct groups of Irish Travelers and Scottish Travelers do not refer to themselves as Gypsies, although there are many similarities.

Each of these groups had its own cultural, linguistic, and historical tradition before coming to this country, and each maintains social distance from the others. They differ from one another in social organization: form of marriage, internal politics and social control. With the exception of the Hungarian-Slovak musicians, Gypsy and Traveler groups share elements of economic organization.

The Rom and Romnichels share elements of an ideology which stresses the separation of pure from impure and Gypsy from non-Gypsy. The Rom, Romnichels, and Hungarian-Slovak musicians share a linguistic prehistory, but their ethnic languages are not, for practical purposes, mutually intelligible. The scattered and, for the most part secondhand, reports of Gypsies in North America before the middle of the 19th century, while frequently repeated, have not been examined critically nor verified independently. What has been demonstrated is that the present populations of North American Gypsies and Travelers date from immigrations of 1850 and
thereafter.
(all Roma identity information is from the Gypsy Lore Society; 2005)

"Like the Jews, Gypsies were singled out by the Nazis for racial persecution and annihilation. They were `nonpersons,' of `foreign blood,' `labor-shy,' and as such were termed asocials.
To a degree, they shared the fate of the Jews in their ghettos, in the extermination camps, before firing squads, as medical guinea pigs, and being injected with lethal substances."<br>
Raul Hilberg, "The Destruction of the European Jews" (Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1961), p.641;


For more on Gypsy and Travelers in North America go to:Gypsy Lore Society
For more information on the Nazi annialation of the Gypsy visit: Remember

[ 313 comments ] ( 469 views ) permalink

<Back | 1 |